18 votes

Tild~ers who live in multi-party systems, what are the parties present and their positions?

I'll start here in Brazil (these aren't all the parties BTW):

PT (Workers' party)

The generic center-left party. Likes adding or maintaining public services, likely stained for a generation with Dilma Rousseff being impeached and lula jailed (although he left recently) And badly crashing the economy thanks to Car Wash (although Moro seems to have proven himself to be rather less than impartial and it's not like they were the only ones involved.) They might not if/when Bolsonaro proves himself much worse than anything PT did but right-wing media will do their work here. They're also supported by a lot of people in the rural Brazilian Northeast which is probably pretty religious and conservative, but I don't think we see that in their legislation.

PSDB (Brazilian Social Democratic Party)

Not actually for social democracy, really more of a generic center-right party. Usually privatization/"efficiency" oriented party. Not very socially conservative but not socially liberal. Was going to die thanks to being establised for too long and having a bad record (they had the other impeached president in Brazil) but then Doria rode the Bolsonaro wave, although COVID has shown this a purely electoral move.

PSL (Social Liberal Party)

The current party of our president, although him being incompetent has led to people considering breaking up his party, but he'll just move to another one with a generic feel-good name (alliance for Brazil). Not actually socially liberal (this is a recurring theme), more a generic right-wing populist/Whatever Bolsonaro does party.

Partido Novo (New Party)

Generic capitalist party. It's Founders are owners of large Brazilian banks so I don't really imagine them caring about the actual ideology of classical liberalism and competition/meritocracy too much (even if they throw that term around a lot) and are more focused in big business corporatocracy.

REDE (Web of sustainability)

Generic green/environmentalist party. Was expected too be a frontrunner in the last presidential election but instead only got a sad 1% of the vote in the first round.

PATRIOTA (PATRIOT)

Hyper-Christian militarist party. Unironically wants to write a new constitution with a 'religious character'.

The guy who ran for president under them actually went to a mound in Israel to pray. Absolute meme candidate last election but you never know if next time they run someone serious.

PDT (Democratic "Workerist" Party)

Seems to be the Democratic Socialist/Social democratic analogue to the progressive movement in Brazil but I can't say for sure since people aren't hellbent on policy in any Brazilian circles and most of the most blatant problems in the US aren't as obvious in Brazil.

These are 7/33 political parties.

Fun facts about Braziliian parties: there are Democratic and Republican parties in Brazil and both are right-wing, capitalist parties. How's that for indulging in confirmation bias?

The Green party in Brazil also exists alongside REDE, meaning there are 2 environmentalist parties in Brazil.

There is a Brazilian women's party, but:

  • It doesn't describe itself s feminist but 'feminine'

  • When it was created it's congress members were 20/2 male

  • They all shortly abanoned the party 2 moths later

Impying it's more likely than not some sort of corruption-related scheme.

There are 6 far-left/genuinely socialist parties currently listed;

The Brazilian Communist party

The Unified Socalist Workers' party

Popular unity (?)

The party of the Operary cause

The Communist party of Brazil (???)

Socialism and liberty party

That's a strange lot of infighting for some reason.

7 comments

  1. Death
    (edited )
    Link
    The Netherlands I'll only cover parties which are currently represented in parliament, which is already a lot. I'll be providing their names in Dutch, with English translations for added...

    The Netherlands

    I'll only cover parties which are currently represented in parliament, which is already a lot. I'll be providing their names in Dutch, with English translations for added exoticism.


    Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (VVD)


    Translation People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
    Political alignment Right-wing, socially conservative, economic liberalism
    Current House seats (upper) 12/75
    Current House seats (lower) 32/150
    Role in current government Governing coalition leader
    Currently the biggest party in terms of seats the VVD as a party represents a continuation of mostly a historically areligious liberal movement in the Netherlands (which, in the past century, was kind of an outlying position). Today the party is probably best summed as economically liberal, laissez-faire capitalist arguing for free trade, deregulation, privatization, tax reductions, and budget cuts/balancing. They tend to be highly skeptical, though not outwardly hostile, to ecological measures and climate change discourse, generally preferring not to regulate but at best nudge the market. It's voter base tends to be mostly middle class, or otherwise well-to-do working class people, as it eagerly bills itself as the entrepreneurs' party of choice.

    On a social level they had usually been largely open to immigration and liberal ideas on drugs, euthanasia, abortion, secularization and so on, though recently their stances have hardened a bit as the party is internally split between it's socially conservative and liberal base. While the liberals nominally won the leadership contest the party has increasingly creeped to the Right in an effort to stop members from walking over to the growing right-wing populist movements. This has resulted in the party still outwardly accepting things like decriminalization of drugs, but not actively campaigning for, and even denouncing efforts aiming to modernize the once considered progressive but by now laughably outdated legislation. Additionally the party has taken a harder line on immigration, eliminating most avenues of getting dual citizenship and wishing to limit social security to Dutch citizens only. While also largely divesting and privatizing systems designed to aid with the assimilation of immigrants and refugees.

    As a last little bit of trivia: the VVD is also colloquially, and often mockingly, referred to as the "car-owners party" as they are usually vocally opposed to measures which would discourage or disfavor car usage, such as a toll roads, which it refers to as "bullying car drivers".


    Christen-Democratisch Appèl (CDA)


    Translation Christian Democratic Appeal
    Political alignment Centre-right, Christian conservatism
    Current House seats (upper) 9/75
    Current House seats (lower) 19/150
    Role in current government Governing coalition partner

    Another mainstay of Dutch politics the CDA was formed out of the fusion of several, disparate Christian democratic parties, uniting formal rivals like the Catholic People's Party, the Historical Christian Union, and the Anti-Revolutionary Party (the revolution in question being the 1789 French Revolution). Because of this the party shed most of it's more radical elements and become a fairly moderate, mostly conservative movement, with it's Christian values serving more as an inspiration rather than an ideal. Historically the CDA has seen itself as the party of stewardship and morality in the country, favoring stances which emphasize justice, solidarity, and respect for your fellow man. So while not outwardly hostile towards progressive policy they have usually been a counter-weight to it, arguing for tighter restrictions on euthanasia, drug tolerance, prostitution and so on. Economically they tend to be happy to follow along with most liberal policies but are less enthused by the shrinking of the welfare state or the abolition of taxes. They also, historically, were somewhat open to the idea of eco-friendliness. More recently this position has come under pressure as they also historically had been the "farmer's party", receiving a big chunk of the rural and agricultural vote. But as Far-right eco-skepticism and outright Climate Change denialism have made inroads with these populations their stance on it is increasingly tenuous. Like the VVD they have also started to creep more towards the right in response to the rise of right-wing populism, with most of it's more left-leaning base becoming increasingly despondent with the party membership. This is now culminating in an internal party row as one of the provincial branches of the party has agreed to enter a coalition with the Far Right Forum for Democracy.


    Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA)


    Translation Party of the Labor, or Labor Party
    Political alignment Centre-left, Social Democracy, Third Way
    Current House seats (upper) 6/75
    Current House seats (lower) 9/150
    Role in current government Opposition
    The classic Dutch Centre-left party, the current Labor Party was mostly the result of a moderating fusion of several socialist, social democrat, and labor organizations. While the party enjoyed a varied degree of electoral success for most of it's history it's most remembered for two peculiar administrations: the first being the cabinet of **Joop Den Uyl** (1973-1977), a very progressive Centre-left cabinet composed of Labor, left-leaning Christians, and radical progressives, which greatly expanded the welfare state, invested in international cooperation, and forward pushed on social issues, against the backdrop of the oil crisis of 1973. The second being the "purple" cabinets of **Wim Kok** which lasted from 1994 to 2002 and more or less codified Labor's enduring theory of Third Way Centre-leftism, the so called "Poldermodel". Named for the fact that they were mostly composed of a coalition between the "Red" Labor Party and the "Blue" VVD (but omitting their junior partners), the two Purple cabinets oversaw the Dutch recovery after years of recession by reducing taxes, further privatizing national industry, opening the country to international trade, upping the exploitation of natural gas, and the passage of laws legalizing same-sex marriage and euthanasia, the latter often argued to be it's most distinguishing accomplishments. It also marked the shift inside the party further away from traditional Leftism and working-class concerns and more towards the country's rapidly expanding educated middle-classes.

    Today, however, the party is somewhat in crisis. It had been in steady decline after the Kok years and the rise of Right-wing populism eating away at it's voter base, while also losing some of it's progressive votes to it's left. Nevertheless the party persisted in the opposition and eventually came back to power through a (tenuous at times) coalition with the VVD in 2012. However 4 years later they suffered their largest electoral defeat ever, losing 29 seats and only retaining their current 9. Common consensus being that they had conceded too much ground to the increasingly right-wing VVD during their four years in government, and had lost the faith of all but their most loyal constituents. The party has slowly been climbing out of it's rut, backed by it's legacy of delivering capable statesmen, and especially capable local councilmen, but it barely managed to outperform it's allies on the left and is nowhere near it's former numbers in the polls.


    Democraten 66 (D66)


    Translation Democrats 66
    Political alignment Centre, liberalism, social progressivism
    Current House seats (upper) 7/75
    Current House seats (lower) 19/150
    Role in current government Governing coalition partner
    Named for it's formation year of 1966 the party was created Journalist Hans van Wierlo, uniting mostly political unaligned liberal intellectuals from urban areas. D66 won 7 seats in the elections next year, which was unprecedented for a newly formed party. From the outset it's ideals have revolved largely around the notion of personal liberty and the freedom to develop oneself, demanding further democratization of the Netherlands, including abolishing the monarchy, reforming the electoral system, and introducing an option for a public assembly to force a referendum. This has somewhat waned over the years and the party is now mostly known for having been a force for radical progressivism under Den Uyl and Kok. Pushing on issues such as euthanasia, LGBT rights, abortion, and education reform. This has remained the focus of their party philosophy and in particular their somewhat technocratic pro-education, and pro-academic stances have won them the favors of students, educators, and intellectuals. On economic issues they tend to favor mixed economic models and market solutions to income inequality, which they believe to be largely solvable through improved access to higher education and better quality teaching. It's electoral fortunes have tended to wax and wane, never really decidedly settling, with both huge victories and huge losses coming and going. Recently they had suffered a rather big loss in the polls after agreeing to further cuts in higher education and allowing the more or less official suspension of the power of binding referendums. Two things it's constituency did not look favorably on. Following the departure of it's leader due to a scandal they've slowly started to renew their political fight, pushing on issues like drug laws, climate change, the budding housing crisis, and immigration reform.

    Socialistische Partij (SP)


    Translation Socialist Party
    Political alignment Left-wing, Anti-Capitalist, soft Euroscepticism
    Current House seats (upper) 4/75
    Current House seats (lower) 14/150
    Role in current government Opposition
    Created as a fusion between several Communist movements, most notably the Dutch Maoist party, the SP has something of a fraught history within the Dutch left. Having shed most of it's Maoist heritage over time it is nonetheless the party with the clearest link to Marxist Lefitst movements, and the most openly critical of the capitalist model.

    Ultimately though, while the party is by no means the smallest it has never, since it's inception, been a part of any government coalition. In fact it has very often labelled itself as a "protest party" and a principled opposition both to the right and to other parties on the left, eschewing the rose as a party symbol in favor of a red tomato (which is still their logo today) Most prominently they clashed with the PvdA, which mostly excluded the party from it's own orbit until recently. They very briefly looked poised to overtake the PvdA in 2012 as their polls surged, adopting a somewhat cleaner, more moderated image in the process. But they failed to keep momentum and did not make major gains in the election, sinking back into being the usual opposition and slowly returning to their roots as an outspoken anti-capitalist party.

    It's main focus points on labor rights, social welfare, public education, solidarity, and opposition to laissez-faire capitalism, privatization, and globalization. Socially the party is fairly liberal, but does not pursue this agenda as actively as other left-wing parties or D66 does. In recent times they've grown more nativist in their discourse, having always been skeptical of European Integration, free trade, and labor immigration, and have become a somewhat viable alternative to right-wing populism for voters who do not feel represented by the PvdA's more internationalist Third Way stances.


    Groenlinks (GL)


    Translation Greenleft
    Political alignment Left-wing, Social Democracy, Environmentalism, Social Progressivism
    Current House seats (upper) 8/75
    Current House seats (lower) 14/150
    Role in current government Opposition
    Also a product of a fusion of several parties, Greenleft was formed by a coalition of Destalinised Communists, Christian leftists, Pacifists, and Radical Liberals. With strong early ties to hippie movements, the anti-war movement, and even the Anarchist movements like the Kabouters. Unsurprisingly it's main points have always revolved around ecology, demilitarization, international cooperation, and social justice. It was also the traditional anti-nuclear party in the Netherlands, though they have softened their stance as of recent.

    Greenleft has had a rocky modern history, while having longtime been a "protest" party even further left than the SP (it was one of the more vocal opponents of the Kok administration) they eventually moderated some of their stances towards the more general liberal currents of the country, and started eyeing possible coalition accords. After supporting a controversial Dutch police mission to the Kunduz province in Afghanistan the party's pacifist base started to turn against it, resulting in a huge electoral loss in the next election. After a leadership change it has recently climbed back up again, attaining their all-time high with 14 seats in the last election.

    Today Greenleft is one of the bigger leftist parties, with it's main electorate concentrated in university towns and other urban areas with young, educated population. This has given them something of a yuppie image in recent times. This makes them a favorite target of populist right-wing derision, who essentially view them as either the quintessential "snowflake millennials" or elitist bohemian intellectuals. Nevertheless the party has remained relatively stable in the polls and was briefly considered as a partner for the first coalition after the election. Talks ultimately broke down on the subject of immigration and Greenleft has been a somewhat consistent opposition party ever since. They have continued to argue in favor of their vision of the "tolerant society" with a focus on ecology, civil rights, drug legislation, increased welfare and education spending etc.


    Partij Voor de Vrijheid (PVV)


    Translation Party for Freedom
    Political alignment Right-wing populism, hard Euroscepticism, anti-immigration
    Current House seats (upper) 5/75
    Current House seats (lower) 20/150
    Role in current government Opposition

    Surfing the wave of populist rhetoric unleashed by Pim Fortuyn in the early 2000s the PVV is a party almost entirely centered around it's figurehead, Geert Wilders. His primary position could probably be summed up as "anti-islam", which has been one of it's main talking points for a long time. Mostly their party programme includes demands such as the total stop of immigration from "Muslim countries", the suppression of the Qu'ran, a law against the construction of mosques and even perhaps demolishing existing mosques, and the deportation of all non-naturalized immigrants or citizens with an immigrant background who commit a crime. On top of this and a demand to leave the EU, the PVV has also flirted with demands to maintain the welfare state, but only for Dutch-born citizens, upping the speed limit to 140km/h, lowering fuel taxes and ecological investments, and lowering taxes by shrinking the government. The PVV, by and large, refuses to ever expand further on the practicality of these subjects or to have them independently judged on their costs, preferring to have all of their stances fit on a single piece of A4 paper.

    In 2010, after a large electoral victory, they agreed to enter a government coalition with the CDA and VVD as an informal partner. Meaning they would generally agree to support the government in exchange for several concessions. The partnership proved extremely fragile, with Wilders frequently either refusing to uphold the agreement or embarrassing it's partners through his multiple scandals and controversies. In the 2012 the cabinet was dissolved and after the next election Wilders once went into opposition, where he has remained ever since.

    The toxicity of the partnership and Wilders' general political disposition have won the PVV a respectable amount of seats but have ironically all but made it impossible for the party to govern. As almost every other party has informally agreed never to cooperate with them. Despite being the second biggest party in the last election (though by a single seat) the PVV was never approached as a potential coalition partner, more or less neutering their political power, though it retains an active support base it is losing ground fast to contenders further on it's right such as the Forum for Democracy.


    Forum voor Democratie (FvD)


    Translation Forum for Democracy
    Political alignment Far-right populist, nationalism, conservatism, climate change denialism
    Current House seats (upper) 12/75
    Current House seats (lower) 2/150
    Role in current government Opposition
    One of the newest parties to the political scene, FvD has taken the country by storm and managed to become one of the fastest-growing political movements in modern Dutch history. Whereas the Party for Freedom was centered around the sole character of Geert Wilders and opted for a more working-class image, the FvD has embraced a more classical party structure and has been courting a more middle-class, well-to-do kind of voter. Particularly endearing itself to rich financiers and investors in order to gain their monetary support.

    While it's pretty much an open secret that the FvD is a formal Dutch version of the largely online Alt-right, it still bills itself as a classically conservative party and tries to avoid the kind of vulgar controversies which Wilders often finds himself in. Not that the party is particularly free from controversy, between it's figurehead Thierry Baudet's past association with French Crypto-fascists and white supremacists, to his statements concerning the Dutch "Boreal" culture he is attempting to safeguard (Boreal being essentially code for "white"), or his shameless embrace of dogwhistles such as "cultural marxism", Forum has found itself with no shortage of media attention and scrutiny. But unlike the PVV Forum often downplays, covers up, or tries to move the conversation away, often accusing it's detractors from being Left-wing agitators or "snowflakes" who are over-focused on minor infractions, and it seems to be working for them.

    In terms of policy FvD is a land of contrasts. On the one hand it has completely committed itself to a rhetoric of direct democracy, climate change skepticism/denialism, anti-government (arguing for it's complete dissolution over a period of 10 years in order to balance the budget), pro big business and deregulation, pro-police and anti-EU. But like the PVV it never fully elaborates on this in anything but the vaguest terms, and also refuses to submit their budget plans to independent checkers for scrutiny.

    All in all the FvD is more or less a newer, slicker, more "civil" version of the PVV. They tend to play on the same fears and cultural anxieties of people, but targeted more at wealthy middle class voters who feel scared of losing their cultural heritage, while also sneaking in common Alt-Right talking points and maintaining relations with known crypto-fascist political actors.

    ChristenUnie (CU)


    Translation Christian Union
    Political alignment Centre, Social Conservatism, Economic progressivism, environmentalism
    Current House seats (upper) 4/75
    Current House seats (lower) 5/150
    Role in current government Governing coalition partner

    A fairly recent party, created in 2000 as a fusion of two Reformist (protestant) parties. The CU is essentially the mirror image of D66. A socially conservative party which usually opposes abortion, same-sex marriage, drug legalization, prostitution, secularism, euthanasia and the right to work on Sundays, while supporting the welfare state, environmentalism, international cooperation and progressive immigration policies. In fact Greenpeace has declared them "the most green party in the Netherlands" multiple times, so strong has their commitment to environmental issues been.

    Traditionally they had remained a fringe party but are somewhat more prominent now due to their participation in the coalition government. Something it's base isn't always keen on, since it involves cooperating with D66, their polar opposite on social issues, the CDA, a party it specifically distanced itself from, and the VVD, their polar opposite on fiscal policy and environmental issues. Some commentators have even argued the CU is essentially just being bullied into compliance by the bigger parties by threatening to pain them as troublemakers and unreliable if they compromise the coalition government. Ultimately though they have continued in their own little niche and don't seem to be going anywhere fast.


    Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij (SGP)


    Translation Political Reformed Party
    Political alignment Right-wing, Christian conservatism, fundamentalist Protestantism
    Current House seats (upper) 2/75
    Current House seats (lower) 3/150
    Role in current government Opposition
    The SGP is one the oldest parties in the Netherlands, having existed and pretty much not changed ever since 1918. Originally created a splinter faction of the Anti-Revolutionary Party to protest it's alliance with the Dutch Catholics, the SGP has always been a deeply fundamentalist, borderline extremist, Protestant party (The reform part in the name referring to the Protestant reformation). Despite it's long existence it has never, ever, been part of any governing coalition or formal opposition agreements, having only collaborated on a local level with the Christian Union since 1963 (Before the two parties would fuse to create the CU). In 2003 they were briefly considered as a coalition partner with the CDA and VVD, but talks fell through due to irreconcilable differences between the SGP and the VVD. Ironically in 2011 though, the VVD had to strike a deal with the SGP to gain a senate majority, resulting in them obtaining small concessions like a restriction on business hours on Sundays.

    The SGP's programme has remained mostly the same since it's inception. It opposes any form of secularism or freedom of religion, women's rights (women were not allowed in the party until a legal case in 2006 more or less forced them), universal suffrage (they argue votes should only be given to the father of a household), and of course reproductive rights, LGBT+ rights etc.

    The SGP is mostly ignored as a political entity outside of it's stronghold areas in some of the more insular communities of the Dutch Bible Belt. It recently caught flak after several of it's members publicly signed and published a modified version of the Nashville Declaration, solidifying their opposition to LGBT+ rights. This drew widespread condemnation from across the political spectrum, including sitting cabinet members.


    Partij voor de Dieren (PvdD)


    Translation Party for the Animals
    Political alignment Left, Environmentalism, Animal welfare
    Current House seats (upper) 3/75
    Current House seats (lower) 5/150
    Role in current government Opposition
    Formed in 2003 as a response to what it's members saw as a lack of investment in the topic of animal welfare on the part of ecologically oriented parties, the PvdD never quite got the kind of media attention other smaller parties got to increase their profile. Somewhat dismissed as a single-issue party they've nonetheless managed to carve out a niche for themselves and have managed to slowly grow on both a national and local level. Their party's main focus tends to be a much more extended platform on environmentalism and animal welfare, complimented by general liberal leftist approaches to economics. The party has recently been facing some scrutiny due to the adherence of it's leaders to the church of Seventh Day Adventists, a particular Protestant Denomination with a rather fundamentalist streak. Other than that they very much are just doing their own thing and not making much of a fuss.

    50PLUS


    Translation (Not really needed, there's no clever wordplay going on here)
    Political alignment Centre populist, Soft Euroscepticism, Pensioner's interests
    Current House seats (upper) 3/75
    Current House seats (lower) 4/150
    Role in current governement Oppossition
    There actually isn't that much to say about this party. They are very much just the "boomer" party, focused mostly on issues regarding pensions, retirements, inheritance or estate transfer taxes, and the welfare state, particularly the reversal of privatization in healthcare. Shockingly they're not the first of it's kind. Other parties have existed before but never reached quite the same level of prominence. Recently the party has been experiencing inner turmoil as several high-ranking members have left in protest. Where this will lead is still anyone's guess at this point.

    As a political party they tend to mostly make a lot of noise, cite a lot of bad statistics and generally pander to their audience of soon-to-be retirees or pensioners nervous about the future of their fortunes. This may seem a little dismissive but the party can be pretty secretive about it's inner dealings, so it's hard to get a read on them from the outside.


    DENK


    Translation Wordplay, means "think" in Dutch, can mean "equal" in Turkish
    Political alignment Centre-left, multiculturalism, minority rights
    Current House seats (upper) 0/75
    Current House seats (lower) 3/150
    Role in current governement Opposition
    Another relative newcomer, founded by two former PvdA members who felt the party did not adequately understand the plight of Dutch people of immigrant backgrounds. They made a bit of a splash in their earlier years due to their novelty and large social media presence. But this quickly devolved into controversy as it's leaders, [Tunuhan Kuzu](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunahan_Kuzu) and [Selçuk Öztürk](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sel%C3%A7uk_%C3%96zt%C3%BCrk) were routinely criticized in the media, with allegations such as being too forgiving of the Erdogan regime, implicitly denying the Armenian Genocide, and using fake social media accounts to boost their online presence. They mostly denounced these claims, arguing them to be organized, politically motivated smear campaigns. During the last election they were also accused of exerting pressure on Imams in big cities to urge their communities to vote for DENK, and to have had ties with Turkish state actors who aided them in doing so. At this point DENK is either mostly ignored or seen as yet another populist party, but from the immigrant community. With their leader recently departing due leaked information about Kuzu having an affair with a younger party member, and a subsequent row between leadership figures, it remains to be seen what the future holds for this party.

    DENK draws most of it's votes from young Dutch-Morrocan or Dutch-Turkish voters in big cities. Campaigning on a platform of multicularism and identity politics. In terms of policy it often shares most leftist support for an expanded welfare state, but argues for further government action against racial discrimination and inequality, including a proposal for a national "racism register".

    9 votes
  2. [2]
    Loire
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    The Liberal Party of Canada (LPC/Grits) Current ruling party of Canada. At the moment they sit center-left but as with any good moderate party they can shift wildly to whatever position is...

    The Liberal Party of Canada (LPC/Grits)

    Current ruling party of Canada. At the moment they sit center-left but as with any good moderate party they can shift wildly to whatever position is required to win the electorate. Broad support across Canada with only a few exceptions. Often considered the "Natural ruling party" of Canada due to how often they are in power.

    The Conservative Party of Canada (CPC/Tories)

    Traditionally a center-right party, there has been some shift towards rightwing populism in the Trump era. Religion plays very little role in Canadian's lives so, again traditionally, the party would avoid that lane. Unwavering support in the prairie provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, however less consistent support in other regions means the Conservatives are less successful than the Liberals, typically only coming into power following scandalous LPC administrations or simply electoral fatigue with the Grits. Traditionally not all that different from the Liberals in the grand scheme of things but that has changed in the last 5ish years.

    The New Democratic Party (NDP)

    The leftwing labour party of Canada that started off fairly socialist but has tacked a bit closer to center in the last decade becoming now what can be considered a social democratic party. Have never held power but have acted as the official opposition a number of times. Strong focus on LGBTQ+ rights, environmental regulation, labour and demilitarization.

    Bloc Québécois (BQ)

    Where to start? Le Bloc exists almost entirely based on one position: Sovereignty of the Province of Québec. They do not run politicians in any other province, however because Québec has such a large percentage of the voting districts in Canada, they can actually be quite a power player. The Bloc's fortune tend to grow and wane as the seperatist mood fluctuates in Québec. One could consider them vaguely left wing but politics can be a little odd in Québec where they take secularism nearly to the point of xenophobia very seriously. See @cfabbro here.

    Green Party of Canada

    Slowly growing their presence in parliament, this party, started in 1983, elected their first member in 2011 and are now up to three. They aren't actually particularely left wing, outside of environmentalism preferring a pick and choose moderate response to non-environmental policies.

    9 votes
    1. cfabbro
      (edited )
      Link Parent
      Also Canadian and seconding your, IMO, rather objective descriptions of the parties. The only one that might need some further clarification is the BQ though. The party has been pretty steadily...

      Also Canadian and seconding your, IMO, rather objective descriptions of the parties. The only one that might need some further clarification is the BQ though. The party has been pretty steadily backpedaling from their primarily separatist focused stances ever since their defeat and loss of official party status under Duceppe in 2011 to the NDP, and the clusterfuck of internal strife that followed, culminating with Ouellet and her attempts to bring separatism back to the fore using incredibly dirty politics. As a result of all that she got absolutely demolished in the 2018 party leadership review referendum, with 67% of the party voting against her, so she didn't even last 4 months as their leader. Parti Québécois is now where most of the hardcore separatists have moved to, but they are largely irrelevant in the Quebec National Assembly, having only 9 seats there. The new BQ leader, Blanchet, is seemingly more moderate than most of his predecessors, or at least more subdued in voicing his views, and could probably be more accurately described as a Provincial autonomist/isolationist, rather than a separatist... He is still a hardcore "secularist" though.

      That's my 2¢ take on the BQ as an Ontarian with a passing interest in following their politics, anyways.

      p.s. Small correction; It's New Democratic Party.

      4 votes
  3. ohyran
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    (Disclusure + Bias : I am very much NOT in to the rightwing side of things please remember that while reading) Socialdemokraterna / Sverigest Socialdemokratiska Arbetarparti (Social Democratic,...

    (Disclusure + Bias : I am very much NOT in to the rightwing side of things please remember that while reading)

    Socialdemokraterna / Sverigest Socialdemokratiska Arbetarparti
    (Social Democratic, centrist left) used to be the biggest party with almost absolute control since the 60's but after the privatization movement in the 90's they have kept losing power. Their role as an almost institution like power factor still lingers and they are seen as fairly grey and bureaucratic.

    Miljöpartiet de Gröna
    (Enviromentalism, Liberalistic Left) created in the 70's the party's main focus is classic enviromentalism. Later years they have suffered heavily being a part of a government with the Socialdemocrats being pushed in to choices and support for issues that was counter to their own voter base. This has caused them jiggle around the percentage barrier for entry in to the Riksdag/Parliament.

    Vänsterpartiet
    (Socialist to Liberalistic Left) Formerly Vänsterpartiet Kommunisterna, the Communist Party, they are now more classically socialist with a tendency towards liberalism at times. They tend to stay outside of direct control and kept as a support party for the Socialdemocrats but in later years they have grown a bit restless as their voter base has grown as well.

    Liberalerna
    (Liberalistic Right, sometimes Liberalism/Centrism) a combination of free market enthusiasts and social liberalists they swing a bit depending on the leadership, from the classic Liberals who got in to massive arguments with the conservatives to a more quiet existence as a support party for the right.

    Kristdemokraterna
    (Christian Democrat, conservative) a from an international perspective fairly left wing conservative group socially, they have swung a bit more towards the right and classic conservatism with a "big state" thing attached later years.

    Centerpariet
    (Liberal Right, rural issues) a bit of a confusing lot as they are on the one hand dominated by the Stockholm section of the party which is very much liberalist/liberterian and free market focus and on the other a rural section which focus mostly on rural issues, farmers rights etc.

    Moderaterna
    (Conservative to Liberalistic Right) the formally classic conservative party they have a tendency to aim for power as the usually second largest political party and the challenger to the Socialdemocratic party for state control. Later years they have lost a lot of votes to...

    Sverigedemoraterna
    (Authoritarian/Populist Right) created as a fairly run of the mill neonazi party with direct connection to various groups, swastikas used to be more common until later decades when the party leadership rebranded hard for more suits and ties and less bomberjackets. They now go for some "tell it like it is" kind of authoritarian populism with a focus on anti-immigration (and racism). Their success lies in having ten thousand tiny local groups who push hard for whatever the local populist movement is all about. Due to this they are now the second largest party in Sweden after the Socialdemocrats.

    (there are also smaller parties that sometimes leap over the 4% vote barrier for entry in to parliament like for example Feministiskt Initiativ a break out group from Vänsterpartiet focusing solely on feminist issues with a left wing liberal political bend)

    EDIT: what many outsiders find confusing is how normal socially liberal subjects are here in Sweden. For example middle aged raised-agnostic (like a lot of people here) gay men like me, are pretty staunch supporters of the Swedish church as they and the then archbishop KG Hammar was one of the core reasons why Marriage Equality was enacted here. This means that things like Pride Parades are crammed with political parties usually not associated with Pride. From the most conservative to the most liberal - the only non present one is the Swedish Democrats. So for example the Christian Democrats here are fairly progressive by international standards.

    7 votes
  4. [3]
    eyybby
    Link
    Ireland: Ireland has a very interesting political landscape, but I will be the first to admit I am not the most informed and won't do justice to explaining our different political parties. One...

    Ireland:

    Ireland has a very interesting political landscape, but I will be the first to admit I am not the most informed and won't do justice to explaining our different political parties. One very interesting point is that while we have many parties (and independents), two parties have been in power alternately since the birth of the state. Overall, Irish people vote quite conservatively. Economically and socially just right of centre. In recent years however younger Irish voters are being heard more clearly through some referenda and general election votes. This voice is overwhelmingly socially left and economically left of centre voting to legalize abortion and same sex marriage overwhelmingly. Voting in Ireland is done through proportional representation with a single transferable vote. This is the only system that makes sense as far as I'm concerned and allows you to vote for who you want regardless of how unlikely you feel they are to get elected, while using your preferences to allow your vote to transfer to other candidates you would be happy with. Now, the parties:

    Fianna Fail:

    Socially centre/right and economically right of centre. They are historically the largest party in Ireland and were formed after Ireland gained independence from England. The main distinction between them and Fine Gael is in their past. There was a treaty under which Ireland would gain some independence but still be part of the commonwealth. Fianna Fail were anti treaty and Fine Gael were pro. The treaty was signed but was the origins of a bloody civil war. Generally speaking, rural and elderly people vote for Fianna Fail and usually people have allegiance to Fianna Fail/Fine Gael for family reasons. They are often considered to be more corrupt than other parties in the country due to their role in the 2008 crash.

    Fine Gael:

    Socially centre/left and economically right of centre. Really almost indistinguishable from Fianna Fail in almost every aspect. Power has alternated between the two parties since the birth of the state as each provides the other with a nice scapegoat to blame when in power and then regain it continuing the cycle. This has been broken in the most recent election where negotiations are still ongoing, but a third political party gained a huge number of seats and is forcing FF/FG into coalition.

    Sinn Fein:

    Originally Fianna Fail were a part of Sinn Fein, but due to differing views on relations with the UK, Fianna Fail split from Sinn Fein. Sinn Fein have always been regarded as the political wing of the IRA and have never been a serious political contender until the most recent elections in which they won nearly every seat they contested by a huge margin. The only reason they are not in power by themselves is because they didn't run enough candidates! They are socially and economically left. Their main aim is to unite the north of Ireland and the Republic. They are also a political party in the north of Ireland and they take a strong stance on Irish unity. They hold seats in Westminster but have never taken them as they view that as partaking in the English system. Older people don't vote and fear Sinn Fein as still being connected to the IRA (which in some ways they may still be) but young people who don't remember the Troubles in the 70s view them exclusively as a political party who care about liberal causes such as homelessness and housing struggles.

    Green Party:

    Socially and economically centre-right. They are FF/FG but put some weak claim that the environment is important. Really they are no more caring about the environment than the left leaning parties in Ireland. They shared power with FF during the boom before 2008 and this has really tarnished their perception.

    Labour:

    A standard labour party but with very weak policies and members. They should be a much stronger political party but have just continued to weaken and weaken due to poor leadership and policy points.

    People before Profit/Solidarity:

    This is the socialist alliance in Ireland with a healthy amount of support. They made big gains in recent years but they are bullied by FF/FG and discredited. It's particularly easy to discredit them as there has been a lot of infighting and lack of unity and they originated from multiple different leftist parties.

    Aontu/Right Wingers:

    These are anti EU and considered a laughing stock. There is another party or maybe two along with Aontu but they're all crazy. 5G, anti vax, etc etc. They're just an import of American politics but they have been given no time or space. Everyone unanimously thinks these people are crazy. Ireland is proud to be part of Europe and a socially liberal society is what we have and want to nurture further.

    Independents:

    They deserve their own section as they are quite a strong political force in Ireland. Usually a few of them end up in coalition in government as they make up the last few seats that FF/FG didn't win to make a majority. For the most part they are left leaning but there are notable exceptions that are entirely concerned with local (rural) issues who will always get elected because they tell their constituents that the city people make fun of them for being from the country and if they don't elect them then nobody will listen to the rural voice.

    Very happy to answer any questions or follow ups on Irish history, Irish/England relations or anything else!

    7 votes
    1. [2]
      cpriest
      Link Parent
      non political question but how popular is Tana French and her Dublin Murder Squad series? what authors/books are popular over there, right now?

      non political question but how popular is Tana French and her Dublin Murder Squad series? what authors/books are popular over there, right now?

      1 vote
      1. eyybby
        Link Parent
        I've never heard anyone mention that series before so not too popular! The current trend is Sally Rooney's Normal People. It's basically a book about two people from a rural town moving to Dublin...

        I've never heard anyone mention that series before so not too popular!

        The current trend is Sally Rooney's Normal People. It's basically a book about two people from a rural town moving to Dublin to go to university and exploring the class inequality each of them experience. It was very popular last year but just this week BBC released a TV series of it so it's back in the public eye.

        1 vote