timo's recent activity

  1. Comment on Why America's police look like soldiers in ~news

    timo
    Link Parent
    What I meant with "combining words" was in the generic sense, not this specific word. It's a concept that isn't common in English. Anyway, you are correct! There appear to be two separate...

    What I meant with "combining words" was in the generic sense, not this specific word. It's a concept that isn't common in English.

    Anyway, you are correct! There appear to be two separate etymologies for "noodweer".

    Etymology 1
    From nood (“emergency”) +‎ weer (“weather”).
    extremely bad weather (e.g torrential rainfall)

    Etymology 2
    From nood (“emergency”) +‎ weer (“defence, resistance”).

    https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/noodweer

    I always thought they were of the same origin and that the "defense" meaning was derived from the "extreme weather" meaning, but that's not the case!

    Also, "Feuerwehr" is "brandweer" in Dutch and "Wehrlos" "weerloos", so it's very similar!

    Thanks for that, I learned something :)

    3 votes
  2. Comment on Why America's police look like soldiers in ~news

    timo
    Link Parent
    Agreed. Our police is centralized, but even in a decentralized situation, outside investigations should be a requirement. Ideally by an independent outside organization, but even a different...

    Agreed. Our police is centralized, but even in a decentralized situation, outside investigations should be a requirement. Ideally by an independent outside organization, but even a different police department would be an improvement over investigating yourself.

    3 votes
  3. Comment on Why America's police look like soldiers in ~news

    timo
    Link Parent
    I was actually explaining why Google came up with "severe weather" and "a storm" in its machine translation. Your explanation makes more sense though. "Nood" means "(in) need", "emergency" or...

    I was actually explaining why Google came up with "severe weather" and "a storm" in its machine translation. Your explanation makes more sense though.

    "Nood" means "(in) need", "emergency" or "distress". "weer" (in this case) means "weather". By combining the words, which happens in both German and Dutch, we get "noodweer". It literally means "severe weather" or "extreme weather". However, it is also used as a legal term.

    The legal term describes a situation where extreme distress warrants a criminal offence. It can be used for both police officers and normal citizens.

    2 votes
  4. Comment on Why America's police look like soldiers in ~news

    timo
    Link Parent
    It's interesting that there seemed to be one event (bank robbery in 1997) that lead to police having assault rifles. Officers should be able to call in a "higher power", such as a SWAT team, which...

    It's interesting that there seemed to be one event (bank robbery in 1997) that lead to police having assault rifles. Officers should be able to call in a "higher power", such as a SWAT team, which has the appropriate means to handle those kind of situations (which are rare). Giving regular police officers assault rifles is such a strange response.

    I always try to compare how police in the US are trained, regulated and investigated to my own country.

    Here's a translation from the Dutch police's website about how and when firearms may be used and what happens after a weapon is fired.
    https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&nv=1&pto=aue&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=auto&sp=nmt4&tl=en&u=https://www.politie.nl/themas/schietincident.html&usg=ALkJrhg_j0H-mxFOpPUlXZ6sDuXvJRbgkQ

    Relevant excerpts below. They call a situation where the most extreme form of violence is required "noodweer", which means "severe weather" or "storm".

    When can violence be used?

    The violence used must always be in proportion to the situation and the crime. This is also referred to as 'proportional and alternative'. During a dangerous situation, the police try to de-escalate. First, the agent uses his voice to demand that the suspect do or not do something. If this fails, he or she will scale up to use weapons; for example pepper spray, the baton or deployment of the police dog. Only at the last moment does the officer take out his firearm. He can fire a warning shot. When there is severe weather, an agent often has no time to de-escalate. He is then authorized to shoot immediately. An officer may also shoot to arrest someone suspected of a serious offense. In those situations, the officer has learned to aim at the suspect's legs. When there is severe weather, the officer may shoot at the suspect's torso.

    If an agent is in danger himself or if a suspect threatens another person (life) danger, there is storm and the agent is allowed to shoot.

    How is an officer trained?

    In the training, officers learn how to handle their weapons. In addition, they attend training a number of times a year and their knowledge is tested twice a year. During the test, it is checked whether the agent is physically fit enough to keep someone under control and whether he is using his weapons correctly. A course on the shooting range is part of the test. Knowledge of the law is also tested using questions and cases.

    After a shooting

    When an officer has used his weapon and injury has been caused by police fire, an investigation by the National Criminal Investigation Service follows. In all other cases in which violence has been used by the police, a violence report follows and, if necessary, an internal investigation.
    The National Criminal Investigation Service is an independent criminal investigation department under the responsibility of the Board of Procurators General of the Public Prosecutor's Office. The independent position allows her to objectively investigate whether the use of firearms was lawful. The officer who shot is heard by the State Investigation Service as soon as possible after the shooting incident. If at the start of the investigation into the incident there are no doubts about the justice of the use of weapons, the agent may continue to perform his duties during the investigation. If those doubts are there, measures can be taken against the agent.

    I find it's such a stark contrast to what happens in the US.

    6 votes
  5. Comment on Flirting for morons in ~life

    timo
    Link Parent
    I could only tell because he mentioned "TI5". The International (or TI) is Dota's biggest yearly tournament. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_International_(Dota_2)

    I could only tell because he mentioned "TI5". The International (or TI) is Dota's biggest yearly tournament. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_International_(Dota_2)

  6. Comment on 365 Days: The "Polish 50 Shades of Grey" has been a surprise smash on Netflix despite being absolutely terrible in ~movies

    timo
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    This article is hilarious :D I'm seeing a general trend where a lot of crap gets lots of views on Netflix. Must be boredom!

    This article is hilarious :D

    I'm seeing a general trend where a lot of crap gets lots of views on Netflix. Must be boredom!

    11 votes
  7. Comment on What is something that most people don't realize is harmful? in ~talk

    timo
    Link Parent
    Many people also believe they are being debated and it scares them. It's a shame that you often can't have disagreements in a conversation without people getting offended or they want to stop...

    turning everything into a debate. A debate is a zero sum game in which one must lose (by being persuaded) for the other to win (by succeeding to persuade).

    There are also conversations of a persuasive nature, but the difference is that persuasion is not its ultimate goal. It’s okay to agree to disagree.

    Many people also believe they are being debated and it scares them. It's a shame that you often can't have disagreements in a conversation without people getting offended or they want to stop talking about something.

    6 votes
  8. Comment on Has your local climate gotten noticeably warmer in your lifetime? in ~enviro

    timo
    Link Parent
    I feel the same. We've had quite a few heatwaves the last few years, with some lasting weeks. It causes a lot of drought. I don't remember it being such a regular thing. Haven't seen snow in quite...

    I feel the same. We've had quite a few heatwaves the last few years, with some lasting weeks. It causes a lot of drought. I don't remember it being such a regular thing. Haven't seen snow in quite some time too. This winter was especially warm. People are now starting to buy air-conditioning for their homes. Nobody had that a few years ago.

    It is quite scary really. We are acting like it's getting a bit warmer but I'm worried of what will come.

    2 votes
  9. Comment on Daily thread for news/updates/discussion of George Floyd protests - June 6 in ~news

    timo
    Link Parent
    I love it because the FBI is getting exactly what they asked for :)

    I love it because the FBI is getting exactly what they asked for :)

    8 votes
  10. Comment on What do you think is the next big technological breakthrough? in ~tech

    timo
    Link Parent
    That's exactly what all the assistent like Siri and Google Assistent were promising years ago. But they didn't seem to get much further than reminding you when to leave for some calendar event....

    Right now AI is being used, with great success, to keep people on platforms using recommendation engines. What if the same type of software could tell you you’re 90% likely to be happier if you drink some water and go on a walk. Then it figures out you like movies and suggests you go to the theater with a specific recommendation.

    That's exactly what all the assistent like Siri and Google Assistent were promising years ago. But they didn't seem to get much further than reminding you when to leave for some calendar event. I'm not impressed, even though it was looking good at the start.

    6 votes
  11. Comment on Protests over death of George Floyd disrupt Minneapolis, and beyond in ~news

    timo
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    Not surprised by this at all. US police brutality against people of color has been going on for decades. If you fail to provide justice or change, even after repeated protests, riots will happen....

    Not surprised by this at all. US police brutality against people of color has been going on for decades. If you fail to provide justice or change, even after repeated protests, riots will happen.

    People always say it's just a few bad apples, but it really feels systemic. It's sad to see.

    13 votes
  12. Comment on Tenet - New trailer for the Christopher Nolan movie in ~movies

    timo
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    The concept looks intriguing and Nolan movies are always worth a watch. I wonder if people are actually going to see it, come July.

    The concept looks intriguing and Nolan movies are always worth a watch. I wonder if people are actually going to see it, come July.

    3 votes
  13. Comment on The wonderful world of Chinese hi-fi - The world of good and cheap headphones from anonymous Chinese companies in ~tech

    timo
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    I can recommend https://www.scarbir.com/ for solid reviews of these IEMs. Bought Tin Audio T2 and QCY T5 because of them, they do not disappoint.

    I can recommend https://www.scarbir.com/ for solid reviews of these IEMs. Bought Tin Audio T2 and QCY T5 because of them, they do not disappoint.

    3 votes
  14. Comment on The coronavirus killed American exceptionalism in ~health.coronavirus

    timo
    (edited )
    Link Parent
    Could it be because many Americans don't (need to) go abroad? If all you've heard your country is the best, there isn't really a need to go outside of it. The US is also so big, you have pretty...

    Could it be because many Americans don't (need to) go abroad? If all you've heard your country is the best, there isn't really a need to go outside of it. The US is also so big, you have pretty much everything in terms of different holiday locations.

    The US also advertises itself well, by having so many big (mostly tech) companies, billionaires and what not. Sometimes it seems you can only get big or become rich in the US.

    I’ll tell you what, I’d go back to Europe in a heartbeat.

    What's holding you back?

    6 votes
  15. Comment on Can you over-knead bread dough by hand? in ~food

    timo
    Link Parent
    Thanks, I'll look into that book. I agree that there isn't really a good alternative for an in depth cookbook.

    Thanks, I'll look into that book. I agree that there isn't really a good alternative for an in depth cookbook.

    1 vote
  16. Comment on Paris has a plan to keep cars out after lockdown in ~enviro

    timo
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    More cities should follow. Cars are a waste of space in cities. They completely dominate city streets, even in countries where biking is very common. Parrking should go underground or outside of...

    More cities should follow. Cars are a waste of space in cities. They completely dominate city streets, even in countries where biking is very common.

    Parrking should go underground or outside of city boundaries. Parking spaces can be replaced with benches, plants and trees. Combined with reduced noise and pollution, it would make living in cities much more enjoyable.

    13 votes
  17. Comment on Can you over-knead bread dough by hand? in ~food

    timo
    Link Parent
    I feel like there is a lot of advice or instructions in cooking similar to this. It's never clear why and it really bothers me. I want to understand why stuff needs to happen, when or for how...

    I feel like there is a lot of advice or instructions in cooking similar to this. It's never clear why and it really bothers me. I want to understand why stuff needs to happen, when or for how long. But most chefs/youtubers/cookbooks never bother to explain anything. You simply follow along and over time you get a feeling for cooking. It's not very scientific, while it certainly could be more so.

    I agree that the result of this video is a little lacking.

    8 votes
  18. Comment on TV Tuesdays Free Talk in ~tv

    timo
    Link Parent
    I'm really enjoying The Last Dance as well. Basketball isn't a big sport here, but of course we've heard of Michael Jordan. It's great to see all this footage and hear these people reflect on how...

    I'm really enjoying The Last Dance as well. Basketball isn't a big sport here, but of course we've heard of Michael Jordan. It's great to see all this footage and hear these people reflect on how he (and his team) became a legend.

    2 votes
  19. Comment on We are complicit in our employer's deeds in ~comp

    timo
    Link Parent
    May 4th is remembrance day in The Netherlands. On TV they showed images from the second World War. Many of these images showed Jews being escorted away by German soldiers. It was said that many...

    May 4th is remembrance day in The Netherlands. On TV they showed images from the second World War. Many of these images showed Jews being escorted away by German soldiers. It was said that many people just stood by idly. Were they in the wrong? Maybe not. Were they fully aware of the atrocities the Nazi's committed? Most likely not. Could they have done more? Probably.

    Of course this is an extreme example, but it illustrates the point.

    2 votes