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1. # Would you all help walk me through setting up a Google cloud VM instance with NextCloud?

This is a more refined continuation of this former thread. I'm not very tech savvy which is why I'm asking for a little hand holding. I've chosen Google as the server because I've mucked around...

This is a more refined continuation of this former thread.

I'm not very tech savvy which is why I'm asking for a little hand holding.

I've chosen Google as the server because I've mucked around with it before and feel comfortable with it.

Could we start with creating the instance and all the options at that first step?

2. # LaTeX: Using a different font for glyphs used in commands like \sum

Hello everyone. I consider myself fairly competent when it comes to my work with LaTeX, but as everyone who uses it knows, it is definetely strange sometimes. And right now I have a problem which...

Hello everyone. I consider myself fairly competent when it comes to my work with LaTeX, but as everyone who uses it knows, it is definetely strange sometimes. And right now I have a problem which just irks me in the wrong ways:

I use XeTeX and a number of custom fonts for my documents, but when writing mathematical formulas I found out that the font I set for Greek letters (Gentium Plus) is used for letter commands like \alpha, \Alpha, ... but not for commands like \sum, \prod. As you can see in this example here. You can see XeTeX defaults to Computer Modern.

I've looked all over the net for solutions but I can't find one. I'm using mathspec, amsmath, amsfonts, amssymb as my font related packages and I set my fonts like this:

\setmainfont{Charis SIL}
\setsansfont{Helvetica Now Display}
\setmonofont[Scale=MatchLowercase]{Fira Code Retina}
\setmathfont(Digits,Latin){Charis SIL}
\setmathfont(Greek){Gentium Plus}

I feel like I'm going insane not solving this problem. Should you require it, my entire LaTeX template is here on Github. Please help, thank you.

3. # Home network support: Setting up a network switch

I moved into a new apartment and was surprised to see that all my rooms have CAT 5 Ethernet ports in the wall. However, cue my disappoint when I try to naively plug my router and machine in two...

I moved into a new apartment and was surprised to see that all my rooms have CAT 5 Ethernet ports in the wall. However, cue my disappoint when I try to naively plug my router and machine in two separate ports to find that the ports don't actually work. After searching various forums, I found that I have to:

1. Locate the panel where all the ethernet ports connect
2. Wire them to an ethernet switch.

I found the panel but all the wires look like this:

https://i.imgur.com/Qzm72g0.jpg

I'm not sure what I need to do from here to plugging into my network switch. Any guides or advice would be extremely helpful. I don't need every port connected to the switch, only one or two. None of these look labelled so I might have a difficult time isolating which cable runs where.

And about the network switch... Any qualms about using an old router that has the AP turned off?

4. # Can someone ELI5 arctic tipping points or how close we are to runaway climate change?

As the various Arctic climate feedbacks show, we are fast approaching the stage when climate change will be playing the tune for us while we stand by and watch helplessly, with our reductions in...

As the various Arctic climate feedbacks show, we are fast approaching the stage when climate change will be playing the tune for us while we stand by and watch helplessly, with our reductions in CO2 emissions having no effect in the face of, say, runaway emissions of methane.

5. # Help Packaging Elmer FEM for Nix

I'm trying to package Elmer for use with NixOS, and could use some help from any experienced Nix users. My current attempt is located here. There is some junk left around in that file from my...

I'm trying to package Elmer for use with NixOS, and could use some help from any experienced Nix users. My current attempt is located here. There is some junk left around in that file from my experimenting, but it's at least a start. There are also a few lines of error included in the comment here.

Any help is appreciated!

6. # Does anyone know much about Barbara Stant?

Just discovered Barbara Stant on a Spotify playlist but can't find much information about her. There is only one album on there and Discogs is only showing some features. Google is coming up with...

Just discovered Barbara Stant on a Spotify playlist but can't find much information about her. There is only one album on there and Discogs is only showing some features. Google is coming up with a big goose egg as well.

Just curious as to whether anyone has any info about her history.

7. # Tech support request: getting a scanner and controller working in Linux

Most recent update is here. The Tildes community has been amazing and patient with me as a new and uninformed Linux user, and I'm greatly appreciative of that. I return to you today with yet...

Most recent update is here.

The Tildes community has been amazing and patient with me as a new and uninformed Linux user, and I'm greatly appreciative of that. I return to you today with yet another request.

# Hardware

System76 Oryx Pro
Distro: Pop!_OS 19.10

# Issue #1 (mission critical)

### Brother MFC-L2750DW

I have a Brother printer/scanner for which I have installed the drivers using the .deb file provided on the Brother site. It's connected via USB. Printing works fine; scanning does not. My husband and I both need the ability to scan for our jobs, so this issue is pretty important to us.

I am using the program Document Scanner (I believe it's one of the GNOME default programs?). When I open the program it says "Searching for Scanners" and then recognizes my scanner, giving the model number and says it's "Ready to Scan". Whenever I attempt to scan, however, whether from the ADF or the flatbed, it says "Unable to connect to scanner". I am not sure how to proceed, and any guidance on this would be greatly appreciated!

# Issue #2 (optional)

### Hyperkin Duke Wired Xbox Controller

This is an optional issue and not at all one that needs to be solved by any means. A while back my husband got me this because it's my absolute favorite controller of all time (I know, scoff all you want!). It worked fine in Windows, but now that I've shifted over to Linux it has been sitting and gathering dust.

When I plug it in the controller rumbles briefly (which it also did on Windows), but other than that does nothing. No input is accepted. If it's easy to get this up and running in Linux, I'd love to be able to use it, but if it's not that's totally fine. I have another controller I can use, and again, none of this is essential to my work. I just figured since I was asking for help I'd throw this in here too.

If you need any additional information or need me to try any specific things, let me know!

8. # How to start a DnD campaign with your friends?

Times are tough and isolation is getting to everybody, we've been playing some easy jackbox games with my friends on Google Hangouts, when the idea came to me: Why not start a DnD campaign? I've...

Times are tough and isolation is getting to everybody, we've been playing some easy jackbox games with my friends on Google Hangouts, when the idea came to me: Why not start a DnD campaign? I've never ever played one, just watched some Youtube (Geek and Sundry, Mathew Colville), and definitely never though about hosting one until now.

After looking around, there are a lot of cool resources for running one, Roll20 seems to be the most popular and praised for ease of use. Rules are very well written into it and all the tools needed to deal with the mechanics are in. So technology-wise I think we're set.

Now I have a lot of questions on how to get an adventure running. Do I just get an official DnD guide book, do I just rip off the White Orchard level from Witcher 3 to start off or do I come up with some generic fantasy land? I'd like to run a small adventure in one night, just to get a taste of it and maybe branch it off later if everyone is up for it.

For characters I think it would be easier for me to come up with 8-10 pre-generated ones for a group of 4-5 people (with specific people in mind) to tailor it a little bit for my group, but still present some variety, while smoothing the learning curve and lowering the barrier to entry. Feels like a decent idea.

I'm still not sure where to start with this expansive world and I'd love to hear for seasoned DMs an players here on Tildes. How did you start your first game, what was the setting? How do I gently introduce players to mechanics? How do I deal with unpredictable situations?

And most importantly, how do I make sure everyone is having fun?

9. # What happened to subscribe/unsubscribe on the groups page?

I remember there being subscribe/unsubscribe buttons on https://tildes.net/groups By default new accounts are subscribed to every group, earlier I could just goto that page and unsubscribe from...

I remember there being subscribe/unsubscribe buttons on https://tildes.net/groups

By default new accounts are subscribed to every group, earlier I could just goto that page and unsubscribe from groups I'm uninterested in. Looks like now you have to goto each group page and unsubscribe there.

10. # EARN IT letter to my representative

I'm currently writing a letter to my state Senator about their support for the EARN IT bill. I would appreciate if you guys would proof read it and give suggestions or corrections. Letter Here...

I'm currently writing a letter to my state Senator about their support for the EARN IT bill. I would appreciate if you guys would proof read it and give suggestions or corrections.

Letter Here

[Person]

I am a [state] resident and a student who has grown up on the internet. I love the freedom given by such a vast encyclopedia of knowledge, entertainment, and possibility. This freedom does have its issues though. Child abuse and child pornography are despicable problems that plague the internet and the world. They need to be addressed, but I don't believe the EARN IT Act is the right solution to the problem, as it will actively harm encryption and the privacy of everyone

The proposal recommends "retention of evidence and attribution or user identification data relating to child exploitation or child sexual abuse, including such retention by subcontractors". This essentially makes encryption on messaging platforms impossible without backdoors. Not only would the messages have to be saved for evidence, but there would have to be a method that the company uses to reveal the contents of the message, this method being the backdoor. If they cannot do so, they would be subject to fines.

Encryption is championed by nearly all experts in technology for privacy of messages and security of information, such as banking details. Why ignore the experts? They feel the same about child exploitation as you do, so they must have good reason to value encryption over a measure that is possible to reduce it.

Regardless of the security issues of the EARN IT Act, I also have a concern about its constitutionality that needs to be addressed. The Fourth Amendment provides "[t]he right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."

It can be reasonably inferred that the author, if he had lived in 2020, would have included mention of technology in this. "Papers" refers to not only documents, but also letters, as they were a primary means of communication. Now, that means is online messaging. Many have suggested that the act could lead to government scanning of messages in order to prevent child sexual abuse material. While doing so would likely diminish the amount being distributed through platforms owned by large businesses, it would likely shift to other mediums such as the dark web. Such scanning would infringe upon the Fourth Amendment rights of every US citizen as it would be a unreasonable (since there is no reason to scan everyone indiscriminately) search of my "papers".

11. # How should I report outdated docs or suggest edits to the wiki?

I've been reading the docs after joining the site (hi!) and noticed a few places that were either outdated or unclear. Should I ignore them, given the disclaimer on the Instructions doc that says...

I've been reading the docs after joining the site (hi!) and noticed a few places that were either outdated or unclear. Should I ignore them, given the disclaimer on the Instructions doc that says docs may not be current? Or is it better to report them?

Here's a list of what I noticed for context:

Some guidance on what to do with discoveries like these will be helpful for those who read docs :)
I'm not really asking them to be updated here and now, but that's a fine outcome of this post too.

12. # Would anyone like to learn Spanish with me?

I have a pretty solid start to learning Spanish. I took two and a half years of it in high school and have not lost much of what I learned then. I'm wanting to get back and become fluent in it. As...

I have a pretty solid start to learning Spanish. I took two and a half years of it in high school and have not lost much of what I learned then. I'm wanting to get back and become fluent in it. As such, I am flying through Duolingo lessons right now to get to new content.

In order to keep myself honest and working on learning it, I would like somebody (or multiple-body) to practice with and compete on Duolingo, communicate in Spanish online in typed text, and possibly in voice calls. If you're new to Spanish, don't be discouraged by my two years of learning, I can help with any questions you have about the content to the best of my ability.

This is the perfect time to learn a new language. If you would like to join me, please leave a comment or send a PM, whichever you prefer. I will PM my Duolingo code to you so we can be friends there. If enough people decide to do it, I can make a Matrix group or Discord server for us.

13. # Tech Support Request: Broken Start Menu on Windows 10

Solved! Thanks to @pseudolobster's post here, I was able to resolve the issue by creating a new user account on the computer. I'm leaving the post up for posterity, in case anyone else is ever...

# Solved!

Thanks to @pseudolobster's post here, I was able to resolve the issue by creating a new user account on the computer. I'm leaving the post up for posterity, in case anyone else is ever searching up this same issue in the future.

My husband is starting to transition to work from home. He is using his personal computer and just yesterday set up a VPN, Microsoft Teams, and Windows' built-in remote desktop so that he can access his work computer. Everything worked smoothly and he was able to finish out his workday from home just fine.

# Primary Issue

This morning, upon booting his computer, he cannot access his Start Menu. It is on screen, and it appears clickable, but nothing comes up. Likewise, the search bar in his task bar is present on boot, but upon clicking the start menu for the first time it disappears and does not return. Other basic Windows functionality seems to be broken. Alt-tabbing does not work to switch between windows. System tray icons are present, but right clicking them and selecting an option does nothing. We cannot open taskbar settings or network settings this way, for example.

This might be indicative of a larger breakdown. Even by command line, I can't get to the Windows 10 settings or Windows Update. It seems like all of the "new Windows"-style interfaces won't start (though the old ones, like the Control Panel, do).

We can still open up apps by clicking on the links in his taskbar, and those seem to work fine. I can also get to the run command with Win+R.

He is running Windows 10, and as far as I know, it's fully up-to-date (I can't open Windows Update to check).

In attempting to diagnose this issue, I've come across several others that are potentially related. I don't know if these are relevant and they're not a primary concern at the moment, but I'm including them here in case they help contextualize what's going on.

There seems to be a runaway process that slowly eats up more and more memory over time, as well as a chunk of CPU. Sometimes it's called "Service Host: Windows Push Notifications User Service_#####" and sometimes it's called "Service Host: WpnUserService_#####" with the numbers changing each boot.

Also, in attempting to restart the computer, it sometimes (but not always) pauses with a notification about programs still running, with one of them being "Task Host Window" with the message Task Host is stopping background tasks. (\Microsoft\Windows\Plug and Play\Device Install Reboot Required) Finally, immediately before restarting, it shows an error message from "svchost.exe" which reads The system detected an overrun of a stack-based buffer in this application. This overrun could potentially allow a malicious user to gain control of this application.

Is this potentially a malware/intrusion issue?

# Attempted Solutions

I have tried, to no success:

• Rebooting the computer, both via a restart in Windows as well as by holding down the power button
• Signing out and back in to his user account on the computer
• Running sfc /scannow
• Running DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth

# Request for Help

I know we have a lot of techy people here, but I also know you are all probably busy with everything that's going on. Nevertheless, if anyone has any guidance or help they could give on this issue, I'd greatly appreciate it.

Also, it's been a while since I've used Windows, but IIRC there's a way of just resetting the whole thing and starting fresh? That's not ideal, but if that's the course of action I need to take, just let me know. Ultimately I just want this to work, by whatever method, so that my husband can be at home and reduce his exposure.

14. # I could use some help with TLS/SSL please

This is a follow-up to yesterday's post where I received excellent guidance. I have a certificate in place through Let's Encrypt. Using Firefox 74 I can see the exact same lock icon with Verified...

This is a follow-up to yesterday's post where I received excellent guidance.

I have a certificate in place through Let's Encrypt. Using Firefox 74 I can see the exact same lock icon with Verified by: Let's Encrypt.

However, when I use SSL Labs to run a check I get the following error:

Unable to connect to server - failed to connect to the server, it usually happens due to firewall restrictions

For me, this is vague and I'm stuck.

I'm running a Debian 9 instance with Apache2 and have, roughly, two weeks of experience with these.

Any ideas where I could start to troubleshoot this?

15. # Data-at-Rest Encryption with MariaDB

I've just spent the past eight hours reading about this and trying to implement it on my local machine (XAMPP for OS X). So far, I've been unsuccessful. Would anyone happen to know if Heroku or...

I've just spent the past eight hours reading about this and trying to implement it on my local machine (XAMPP for OS X). So far, I've been unsuccessful.

Would anyone happen to know if Heroku or another testing service could easily be set up like this?

16. # [RESOLVED] Create new SQLite database with PHP?

<?php //create or open (if exists) the database. $db = new SQLite3('mysqlitedb.db'); if($db->exec('CREATE TABLE bar (bar STRING)') ){ echo "Successfully Created"; } else{ echo "Failure"; } ?> I...
<?php

//create or open (if exists) the database.

$db = new SQLite3('mysqlitedb.db'); if($db->exec('CREATE TABLE bar (bar STRING)') ){
echo "Successfully Created";
}
else{
echo "Failure";
}

?>

I get the following error:

Fatal error: Uncaught Exception: Unable to open database: bad parameter or other API misuse in /opt/lampp/htdocs/SQLite/CreateNewDB.php:5 Stack trace: #0 /opt/lampp/htdocs/SQLite/CreateNewDB.php(5): SQLite3->__construct('mysqlitedb.db') #1 {main} thrown in /opt/lampp/htdocs/SQLite/CreateNewDB.php on line 5

EDIT: This has been incredibly frustrating since I've seen many examples of similar code online that claim to work. I've been beating my head against a wall with this and my project/app is stuck until this is resolved.

17. # Premature session cookie expiration?

I've noticed that, even when I choose the "Keep me logged in" option, I usually have to re-log in to Tildes at least once or twice per day. Under what circumstances might the session cookie expire...

I've noticed that, even when I choose the "Keep me logged in" option, I usually have to re-log in to Tildes at least once or twice per day. Under what circumstances might the session cookie expire on such a short time scale? I can see that the Max-Age is set to one year, so I'm not sure what might be causing that.

Has anyone else encountered this issue? It's entirely possible that some of my add-ons are interfering (although I don't see how), which is the reason I ask.

I have to pull up my Tildes password and my TOTP generator in each case, which is just enough pain to encourage me to navigate to another tab instead.

18. # Some of my internet radio stations aren't playing on my computer [SOLVED]

EDIT: The problem has been solved. @Sill identified the problem here and @cfabbro found a work-around here. Crisis averted! I listen to some internet radio stations on my computer, but a couple of...

EDIT: The problem has been solved. @Sill identified the problem here and @cfabbro found a work-around here. Crisis averted!

I listen to some internet radio stations on my computer, but a couple of them aren't working any more: they appear to play, but there's no sound coming from my computer's speakers.

It is only two stations. I've tested other internet radio stations I listen to, and they still work: I can hear them. I can play and hear YouTube videos. I can stream Spotify on my computer. I can play and hear my music files stored on my computer's hard drive. So I know my speakers work. I know Chrome works as a music player for other sources, including other internet radio stations. It's just these two radio stations.

One of them is this radio station. Also this radio station. I know their digital streams are working, because I can listen to them via an internet radio app on my phone. So I know their digital signals are being sent out. But, while my phone app can play them, my computer browser can't play them.

I've tested both non-working stations in Chrome and Internet Explorer. They both don't work in Chrome, but this station also doesn't work in IE.

I'm using Chrome 80.0.3987.122. And I'm running Windows 7.

This problem only started a couple of days ago.

What's going on? How do I fix this?

19. # Tips on Singing in Chest Mix (Belting)?

Hello everyone! I wasn't sure where to post this, so into ~misc it goes. I'm currently looking into auditioning for a professional musical theatre production. Now, being a baritone (E2-C5) would...

Hello everyone! I wasn't sure where to post this, so into ~misc it goes.

I'm currently looking into auditioning for a professional musical theatre production. Now, being a baritone (E2-C5) would kind of put me at a disadvantage as most musical theatre roles are for tenors, but I found a musical soliciting online auditions for baritones. Usually with musical theatre, they don't really care about your voice type; they care more about your vocal range. "If you can sing it, you're more likely to get the role."

Anyways, my passagio (or vocal break) is around E4 and the audition (and therefore the musical) is requiring me to sing a G#4. I know that I'd be able to sing it because a) my range can do it and b) I've belted probably incorrectly an A4. I've never really had to use my chest mix range before, so would anyone have any tips?

20. # How do I combat the "women need safe spaces" argument?

(I am trans-inclusive. I believe trans rights are human rights. I believe in self-identification. I will use whatever pronouns someone choose, and I try not to assume pronouns.) In the UK recently...

(I am trans-inclusive. I believe trans rights are human rights. I believe in self-identification. I will use whatever pronouns someone choose, and I try not to assume pronouns.)

In the UK recently there's been a bit of a debate between trans-phobic "gender critical" feminists who say that for sexual safety women need spaces that are women only, and that this means they need to exclude trans-people.

I think this is bullshit. I'd like some good quality arguments to use against this.

21. # How to handle encrypted text fields?

So, I have about fifteen years of web development experience mainly with classic ASP. Interestingly I never had a client who required any type of encryption other than some very low-level...

So, I have about fifteen years of web development experience mainly with classic ASP. Interestingly I never had a client who required any type of encryption other than some very low-level username/password logins for administrative backends.

What I am working on, as a pet project for my friends and family, is a private/direct messaging system that I will write with Go. To be clear, this is not a messaging service like WhatsApp nor Signal. It will be similar to the private/direct messaging that you see here at Tildes or Reddit.

It is important to my friends and family that messages we write to each other be private and secure.

Thus, how would I go about encrypting the messages so that if someone were to get into the server and acquire the database, they wouldn’t be able to read them?

EDIT: At some point I will make the code available through GitLab.

22. # [RESOLVED] Is there a way for me to access the contents of my password protected zip file?

At least one year ago I password protected a zip file. I'm not sure how I either lost or did not save the password with my password manager. Any help would be greatly appreciated. It's stored on...

At least one year ago I password protected a zip file. I'm not sure how I either lost or did not save the password with my password manager.

Any help would be greatly appreciated. It's stored on my desktop macOS 10.15.3.

EDIT: I was able to determine what the zip file contained. Turns out that it was tax/bank information that I was able to find online. Thanks for all the help!

So I’ve forgot my password I’m still logged in thankfully but if I get logged out I’m screwed any advise?

24. # Website puzzle that was posted to Tildes?

A while ago, maybe like a year ago? There was a thread and two websites were linked to that were basically puzzle sites. As in the sites themselves were the puzzle and you had to find clues in the...

A while ago, maybe like a year ago? There was a thread and two websites were linked to that were basically puzzle sites. As in the sites themselves were the puzzle and you had to find clues in the site to get to the next page. It was very cool but I managed to lose the link and was hoping someone might know what I'm talking about. We ringing any bells?

25. # Where can I find collected wisdom from Silicon Valley?

I am talking about advice such as "make incremental improvements" and "ship the minimum viable product." Is there a name for this kind of advice - advice related to software and tech. I am looking...

I am talking about advice such as "make incremental improvements" and "ship the minimum viable product."

Is there a name for this kind of advice - advice related to software and tech.

I am looking to make a compilation.

26. # Tech support request: recovering from hard crashes in Linux

EDIT: Latest update This is something so rudimentary that I'm a little embarrassed to ask, but I've also tried looking around online to no avail. One of the hard parts about being a Linux newbie...

EDIT: Latest update

This is something so rudimentary that I'm a little embarrassed to ask, but I've also tried looking around online to no avail. One of the hard parts about being a Linux newbie is that the amount of support material out there seems to differ based on distro, DE, and also time, so posts from even a year or two ago can be outdated or inapplicable.

Here's my situation: I'm a newbie Linux user running Pop!_OS 19.10 with the GNOME desktop environment. Occasionally, games I'm playing will hard crash and lock up my system completely, leaving a still image of the game frozen on the screen indefinitely. The system stays there, completely unresponsive to seemingly any inputs. It doesn't happen often, but when it does it's almost always when I'm running a Windows game through Steam's Proton layer. I suspect it also might have something to do with graphics drivers, as I'll at times notice an uptick in frequency after certain updates, though that might just be me finding a suspicious pattern where none exists.

Anyway, what I don't know how to do is gracefully exit or recover from these crashes. No keyboard shortcut seems to work, and I end up having to hold the power button on my computer until it abruptly shuts off. This seems to be the "worse case scenario" for handling it, so if there is a better way I should go about this, I'd love to know about it.

EDIT: I really want to thank everyone for their help so far. My initial question has been answered, and for posterity's sake I'd like to post the solution here, to anyone who is searching around for this same issue and ends up in this thread:

• Use CTRL+ALT+F3/F4/F5/F6 keys to access a terminal, where you can try to kill any offending processes and reboot if needed.
• If that fails, use ALT+SYSRQ+R-E-I-S-U-B.

With that out of the way, I've added more information about the crashes specifically to the thread, primarily here, and some people are helping me out with diagnosing the issue. This thread is now less about the proper way to deal with the crash than it is about trying to identify the cause of the crash and prevent it in the first place.

27. # How bad is the environmental impact of shipping/delivery?

I've recently started trying to improve my environmental impact, so I apologize for what might be a very basic question, but how bad is it to have items shipped/delivered to you, rather than...

I've recently started trying to improve my environmental impact, so I apologize for what might be a very basic question, but how bad is it to have items shipped/delivered to you, rather than picking them up from a store near you?

I'm specifically interested in two situations:

1. If I'm buying a specialty, zero-waste product that's not available in stores nearby, which is worse: having it delivered directly to my house, or having to drive a good distance in my own car to get it? Are the two roughly comparable, or is one considerably worse than the other?

2. I use a service called PaperBackSwap that is sort of like a big, distributed, online used bookstore. You give away books from your collection to people who request them, and for each book you send out you can request one to be sent to you. I like that it's putting books in the hands of people who specifically want them (as opposed to donating them or selling them to a used bookstore where they might be shelved indefinitely or pulped), but now I'm sitting here wondering how bad it is for that single hardcover of mine to travel halfway across the country. On the other hand, the book is getting reused, potentially multiple times if it then gets requested by others after that. Should I be considering this good reuse, or a waste of resources?

Outside of those two, I'd welcome any primers on the topic at large, as well as any best practices with consumer goods that I can start putting into place. I've already done a lot to find plastic-free alternatives to a lot of what I use, but I don't know if I'm trading one ill for another by getting them from places that have to send them from hundreds of miles away.

28. # What is a shortened phrase for this idea?

I'm doing this for a paper I am writing, and cannot think of what a better way to put it is. Looking for the antonym of "points of failure" so that the meaning is that more parts have to fail in...

I'm doing this for a paper I am writing, and cannot think of what a better way to put it is.

Looking for the antonym of "points of failure" so that the meaning is that more parts have to fail in order for the system to fail as a whole.

This is in relation to account security.

29. # Why are some of the tags on title page displayed on 2nd row (next to Article), but some of them on the 3rd row (the old tag list)?

How does this work, why are some tags on separate line? Example: How big are the fires burning in eastern Australia? Interactive map ~news australia · Article: 207 words natural disasters...

How does this work, why are some tags on separate line?

### How big are the fires burning in eastern Australia? Interactive map

~news australia · Article: 207 words
natural disasters bushfires

The australia tag is next to ~news, not in the tag list below.

30. # Why does LibreOffice's font rendering suck so much on mac?

I'm a happy Ubuntu user. I love it and I wouldn't switch to other OS. But since I do a lot of video editing and design, I have no other choice than using mac. (I completely refuse to use Windows...

I'm a happy Ubuntu user. I love it and I wouldn't switch to other OS. But since I do a lot of video editing and design, I have no other choice than using mac. (I completely refuse to use Windows at this point.)

Anyway, I try to use as much FOSS as possible but I'm having a hard time with LibreOffice. The rendering is really bad and I don't know how to fix it.

Have any of you had this problem?

31. # Is there any way to combine content from both tildes and reddit into one place?

I'd like an app or preferably a website that I can use that will combine both discussion from reddit and tildes into one place. I actually haven't used tildes since April 2019 and the reason is...

I'd like an app or preferably a website that I can use that will combine both discussion from reddit and tildes into one place. I actually haven't used tildes since April 2019 and the reason is because I just straight up forgot about tildes. There just isn't enough content on tildes for me so I find myself spending more of my time on reddit which means I end up forgetting about tildes.

32. # Does anyone know how to interpret Mac's report code?

I made a previous post about the weird issues that I am having with my iMac here. Today I ran Onyx maintenance tasks which, after completion, automatically restarts the computer. After restart I...

I made a previous post about the weird issues that I am having with my iMac here.

Today I ran Onyx maintenance tasks which, after completion, automatically restarts the computer.

After restart I received a message stating that the computer was restarted because of a problem (there wasn't) and would I like to generate a report to send to Apple. Below is that report:

panic(cpu 1 caller 0xffffff7f91c77aae): watchdog timeout: no checkins from watchdogd in 182 seconds (490 totalcheckins since monitoring last enabled), shutdown in progress
Backtrace (CPU 1), Frame : Return Address
0xffffff8112e4bc40 : 0xffffff8010b39a3b
0xffffff8112e4bc90 : 0xffffff8010c70fe5
0xffffff8112e4bcd0 : 0xffffff8010c62a5e
0xffffff8112e4bd20 : 0xffffff8010ae0a40
0xffffff8112e4bd40 : 0xffffff8010b39127
0xffffff8112e4be40 : 0xffffff8010b3950b
0xffffff8112e4be90 : 0xffffff80112d1875
0xffffff8112e4bf00 : 0xffffff7f91c77aae
0xffffff8112e4bf10 : 0xffffff7f91c77472
0xffffff8112e4bf50 : 0xffffff7f91c8ce76
0xffffff8112e4bfa0 : 0xffffff8010ae013e
Kernel Extensions in backtrace:
com.apple.driver.watchdog(1.0)[AA44EEB8-57FA-3CAC-9105-C7AB21900B9A]@0xffffff7f91c76000->0xffffff7f91c7efff
com.apple.driver.AppleSMC(3.1.9)[6DA4BDC6-9C64-34B3-A60E-D345D2DC2D5F]@0xffffff7f91c7f000->0xffffff7f91c9dfff
dependency: com.apple.iokit.IOACPIFamily(1.4)[4A40B298-87E0-373E-84A9-9A2227924F8F]@0xffffff7f91c6d000
dependency: com.apple.driver.watchdog(1)[AA44EEB8-57FA-3CAC-9105-C7AB21900B9A]@0xffffff7f91c76000
dependency: com.apple.iokit.IOPCIFamily(2.9)[AA7C7A4F-9F5D-3533-9E78-177C3B6A72BF]@0xffffff7f9152f000

Mac OS version:
19B88

Kernel version:
Darwin Kernel Version 19.0.0: Thu Oct 17 16:17:15 PDT 2019; root:xnu-6153.41.3~29/RELEASE_X86_64
Kernel UUID: 7503CD47-851F-321E-8747-50DB4299165F
Kernel slide:     0x0000000010800000
Kernel text base: 0xffffff8010a00000
__HIB  text base: 0xffffff8010900000
System model name: iMac16,2 (Mac-FFE5EF870D7BA81A)
System shutdown begun: YES
Panic diags file available: YES (0x0)

System uptime in nanoseconds: 5121488392845
com.objective-see.lulu	1.1.2
>!ATopCaseHIDEventDriver	3410.1
@fileutil	20.036.15
>AudioAUUC	1.70
>!AGraphicsDevicePolicy	4.5.9
@AGDCPluginDisplayMetrics	4.5.9
>!AHV	1
|IOUserEthernet	1.0.1
|IO!BSerialManager	7.0.1f1
>!AUpstreamUserClient	3.6.8
>AGPM	111.2.5
>!APlatformEnabler	2.7.0d0
>X86PlatformShim	1.0.0
>pmtelemetry	1
>!A!IBDWGraphics	14.0.2
@Dont_Steal_Mac_OS_X	7.0.0
>!AHDA	283.14
>eficheck	1
>!AThunderboltIP	3.1.3
>!ALPC	3.1
>!ASMCLMU	212
>!A!IBDWGraphicsFramebuffer	14.0.2
>!AMCCSControl	1.13
@filesystems.autofs	3.0
>!U!SCoexistentDriver	489.41.1
@filesystems.apfs	1412.41.1
>!ASDXC	1.7.7
|!ABCM5701Ethernet	10.3.5
>AirPort.BrcmNIC	1400.1.1
>!AAHCIPort	341.0.2
>!AVirtIO	1.0
@filesystems.hfs.kext	522.0.9
@!AFSCompression.!AFSCompressionTypeDataless	1.0.0d1
@BootCache	40
@!AFSCompression.!AFSCompressionTypeZlib	1.0.0
@private.KextAudit	1.0
>!ARTC	2.0
>!AACPIButtons	6.1
>!AHPET	1.8
>!ASMBIOS	2.1
>!AACPIEC	6.1
>!AAPIC	1.7
$!AImage4 1 @nke.applicationfirewall 303$TMSafetyNet	8
@!ASystemPolicy	2.0.0
|EndpointSecurity	1
>!AHIDKeyboard	209
>!AMultitouchDriver	3410.2
>!AInputDeviceSupport	3410.1
>!AHS!BDriver	3410.1
>IO!BHIDDriver	7.0.1f1
>!AGraphicsControl	4.5.9
|IOAVB!F	800.17
>!ASSE	1.0
>DspFuncLib	283.14
@kext.OSvKernDSPLib	529
@!AGPUWrangler	4.5.9
|IONDRVSupport	568
|IO!BHost!CUSBTransport	7.0.1f1
|IO!BHost!CTransport	7.0.1f1
|IO!B!F	7.0.1f1
|IO!BPacketLogger	7.0.1f1
>!AHDA!C	283.14
|IOHDA!F	283.14
|IOAudio!F	300.2
>!ASMBusPCI	1.0.14d1
@!AGraphicsDeviceControl	4.5.9
|IOAccelerator!F2	438.2.7
>X86PlatformPlugin	1.0.0
>IOPlatformPlugin!F	6.0.0d8
>!AThunderboltEDMSink	4.2.1
>!ASMBus!C	1.0.18d1
|IOGraphics!F	568
@plugin.IOgPTPPlugin	810.1
@kext.triggers	1.0
|IOUSBMass!SClass	4.0.4
@vecLib.kext	1.2.0
>usb.networking	5.0.0
>usb.!UHostCompositeDevice	1.2
|IOAHCIBlock!S	316.40.3
|IOEthernetAVB!C	1.1.0
|IO80211!F	1200.12.2b1
>corecapture	1.0.4
|IOSkywalk!F	1
|IOAHCI!F	290.0.1
>usb.!UXHCIPCI	1.2
>usb.!UXHCI	1.2
|IOSerial!F	11
|IOSurface	269.6
@filesystems.hfs.encodings.kext	1
>!AThunderboltNHI	5.8.0
|IOThunderbolt!F	7.4.6
|IOUSB!F	900.4.2
>!AEFINVRAM	2.1
>!AEFIRuntime	2.1
|IOSMBus!F	1.1
|IOHID!F	2.0.0
$quarantine 4$sandbox	300.0
@kext.!AMatch	1.0.0d1
>DiskImages	493.0.0
>!AFDEKeyStore	28.30
>!AEffaceable!S	1.0
>!AKeyStore	2
>!UTDM	489.41.1
|IOSCSIBlockCommandsDevice	422.0.2
>!ACredentialManager	1.0
>KernelRelayHost	1
>!ASEPManager	1.0.1
>IOSlaveProcessor	1
|IOUSBMass!SDriver	157.40.7
|IOSCSIArchitectureModel!F	422.0.2
|IO!S!F	2.1
|IOUSBHost!F	1.2
>!UHostMergeProperties	1.2
>usb.!UCommon	1.0
>!ABusPower!C	1.0
|CoreAnalytics!F	1
>!AMobileFileIntegrity	1.0.5
@kext.CoreTrust	1
|IOTimeSync!F	810.1
|IONetworking!F	3.4
|IOReport!F	47
>!AACPIPlatform	6.1
>!ASMC	3.1.9
>watchdog	1
|IOPCI!F	2.9
|IOACPI!F	1.4
@kec.corecrypto	1.0
@kec.Libm	1

33. # This is the first time that I've had significant trouble with a desktop Mac since I purchased one in 2008.

Basically, any trouble that I've had prior to this has been negligible and easily resolved. I don't recall, exactly, when these two issues began. Possibly months after upgrading to Catalina. I'm...

Basically, any trouble that I've had prior to this has been negligible and easily resolved.

I don't recall, exactly, when these two issues began. Possibly months after upgrading to Catalina. I'm combining the two issues because I believe that they be related.

The first issue that I noticed was with Firefox (probably 70.0.1 and slightly earlier). I would have two or three tabs open, and go back to one of the other tabs, to find a completely white screen with a grayish colored pinwheel. I'd then go back to one of the other tabs to find the same thing (that was previously not happening. Then, I'd close all the tabs to open a new one in order to try starting fresh. No dice...same shit.

Following this I'd select > Firefox > Quit Firefox. Minutes later it's still not quitting indicated by the black dot under the icon of the launch bar. So, I'd go to the apple icon > Force Quit > to execute that. Finally, it would quit. Minutes later I'd try to reopen Firefox and the icon would just keep jumping up and down from the launch bar and nothing would happen.

I guess I'll just have to restart the computer then, right? Apple icon > Restart > several minutes later nothing would happen except for another grayed out pinwheel. So, I just performed a hard reset by holding in the power button on the back left of the screen. Waited several minutes, started it up again by quickly pressing the same button.

After logging into my account, I'd get the usual text box saying that 'Your computer was restarted because of a problem...blah...blah...blah'. All of the aforementioned took many minutes.

Now, when I try to shutdown my iMac it just goes black and then returns to the login screen with a brief black screen, in several languages (Chinese being one of them), that 'You have restarted your computer.....'

And Firefox keeps fucking up as described above. Going to about:crashes registers jack shit.

It's a never-ending loop of Mac/Firefox bullshit that's driving me fucking nuts.

34. # Some questions about using terminal

When running brew upgrade I get some errors that I'd like to resolve. xcrun: error: invalid active developer path (/Library/Developer/CommandLineTools), missing xcrun at:...

When running brew upgrade I get some errors that I'd like to resolve.

xcrun: error: invalid active developer path (/Library/Developer/CommandLineTools), missing xcrun at: /Library/Developer/CommandLineTools/usr/bin/xcrun

I'm fairly new to terminal and have no idea what this is or how to fix it.

The next one is:

Please delete these paths and run 'brew update'.

How, exactly, do I delete paths?

Also, would you recommend some introductory to intermediate reading on how to use terminal?

I'm a facilitator of a project that, ultimately, publishes its work to YouTube. As the facilitator I am the one and only administrator of the YouTube channel. If, for instance, I became...

I'm a facilitator of a project that, ultimately, publishes its work to YouTube. As the facilitator I am the one and only administrator of the YouTube channel. If, for instance, I became incapacitated for a long period of time (such as my untimely death) how would I pass the mantle onto someone else to handle the channel?

Can I entrust administrative privileges, of said channel, to others as a precaution?

36. # Have any tips or guidelines for newbies wanting to use uMatrix?

I want to start using uMatrix, but I'm a little nervous since I'm not as tech savvy as others are. Even if you know of a handy online guide it would be much appreciated. EDIT: a word

From time to time I see people on the internet who remember Google Reader fondly, and miss it. At the time, I didn't have much use for something like it, so I never used it. But a common theme in...

From time to time I see people on the internet who remember Google Reader fondly, and miss it. At the time, I didn't have much use for something like it, so I never used it.

So what was it? Does anyone here remember Google Reader, or even still wishes it was available? Why did nothing come from the Open Source community that could replace it?

38. # How should I go about requesting a topic move or retag?

Occasionally, especially for newer users, I'll see a post in a section of the site where it doesn't belong, sometimes without (proper) tags. What's the best way to bring this to the attention of...

Occasionally, especially for newer users, I'll see a post in a section of the site where it doesn't belong, sometimes without (proper) tags. What's the best way to bring this to the attention of folks who can fix it? Leaving comments is messy and distracts from the discussion, but right now it's the only method I know of to bring up the issue.

39. # Can anyone help me with home security systems?

I could use some clarity, as I feel like most of what I'm reading regarding home security is either FUD or marketing. I don't trust most of the comments I read online, as almost everything about...

I could use some clarity, as I feel like most of what I'm reading regarding home security is either FUD or marketing. I don't trust most of the comments I read online, as almost everything about this seems predicated on creating fear in me so that I'll pay up.

Simplisafe and Frontpoint are supposedly easy (and Simplisafe is quite cheap), but reviews online are mixed, and many people seem to think a self-installed wireless system is garbage no matter who it's from or who's doing the monitoring. Is this true, or is this just stratrgic doubt trying to drive me to a different or more expensive solution? I don't know!

Also, ADT sent me an ad that was a straight up lie. The person on the phone had to guess at how they might be able to stack discounts to even get close to the price I was looking at on their flyer, and the best she could offer was ~50% higher than what was shown, with their higher tiers costing well over double the price in the ad. I politely terminated the call.

My home security needs are simple. All I need is basic protection, and, honestly, I'm less concerned about a break-in than I am a fire. That's what I'd want to make sure I have solid monitoring for. My stuff can be replaced, but my home itself and my dog cannot.

Can anyone help me cut through all of the crap out there and just give me accurate information? What's my best bet?

40. # So how many people work at tildes?

So was just wondering how big the tildes team is?

41. # Is there a manga equivalent of sakuga?

A part of a page drawn with higher than usual quality or attention or detail, or something along those lines? Does it have a name?

I'm trying to learn how to use the built-in GitHub package within Atom. After I click 'Push' I get the following error message. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

43. # Help me get my head around DNSCrypt and DoH/DoT

I want to adopt these technologies b/c I'm moving to a home w/o WiFi: I'll only use mobile networks in order to save some money. But the general pipeline and setup are hard to digest, and I'm not...

I want to adopt these technologies b/c I'm moving to a home w/o WiFi: I'll only use mobile networks in order to save some money. But the general pipeline and setup are hard to digest, and I'm not sure if I really understand what are the implications for my privacy, except for the fact that DNS queries are encrypted so I don't leak domain names. This is especially important to me because Turkish internet law and the censorship mechanism is really intrusive, with DPI & DNS blocking. My current ISP does not fiddle with my HTTPS traffic, but I won't have that with my mobile network.

I'm also considering a VPN, but major VPNs are blocked here. To what extent do the purposes of VPNs and these DNS solutions overlap? Assuming most of my important traffic is over HTTPS+DoH/T, how safe am I, and most importantly how much can I penetrate the censorship mechanisms?

unknown user
44. # Have "whispers" been implemented?

I'm really curious if they have, because on this thread, there's a bunch of comments from "unknown user." If whispers have been implemented, how do I use them? I can't seem to find any information...

I'm really curious if they have, because on this thread, there's a bunch of comments from "unknown user." If whispers have been implemented, how do I use them? I can't seem to find any information about them.

45. # Recovering my account on StackExchange

Occasionally, I lose control of my account on StackExchange. I don't visit for a few months, I get logged out by some process during that time, and, when I try to log in, it tells me my password...

Occasionally, I lose control of my account on StackExchange. I don't visit for a few months, I get logged out by some process during that time, and, when I try to log in, it tells me my password is incorrect.

When I go through the "forgot password" process, get the recovery email, and reset my password... I then get told I'm about to create a new account on StackExchange. I actually did that once, many years ago, and trying to figure out how to combine the accounts was messy.

It's happened again.

How do I reset my password without creating a new account? StackExchange has always been a little bit like High Dark Magic to me. Its account structure seems more confusing than necessary.

46. # Kind Words (Tildes Edition)

For those that aren't familiar with it, Kind Words is a recently released "game" where players can write a message about a difficulty they're facing or something that's troubling them. Other real...

For those that aren't familiar with it, Kind Words is a recently released "game" where players can write a message about a difficulty they're facing or something that's troubling them. Other real people in the game can then respond, letting that person know that they're not alone. Players can also write un-addressed messages of positivity in the game, which are spread to other users via paper airplanes.

I figured we could have a thread on Tildes with our own version of the game via comments.

Here's how I figure it will work. We'll have three post types:

Request: share your situation in order to get kind words in response
Response: offer kind words to other people who have posted here
Airplane: write general thoughts of goodwill for all the readers of the thread

Please begin your post by naming its type in bold font. For those posing Requests, please let people know if you would rather receive public responses or PMs.

Example post:

Request: Sometimes I find myself wondering if there's any point to anything. It feels like I'm working so hard at meaningless stuff, just to get by. Anyone else feel this way?

That isn't my request, just an example of what someone might type.

Remember that the point of the thread is to let people know that they are heard and that they are not alone!

Let's all be kind!

47. # Advice for starting a Wiki project

I am considering starting a wiki project for an academic niche. I've already started prototyping using Gitit, I've written a bit easy pages to get a feel for the software and am planning to start...

I am considering starting a wiki project for an academic niche. I've already started prototyping using Gitit, I've written a bit easy pages to get a feel for the software and am planning to start working on the most important page that summarises the topic itself, which I believe will help guide me to which pages to create first.

Now, here I'm asking for general advice to a newcomer n00bie wiki admin like me: what to expect, what software, etc. Any advice welcome, but I'll list a few questions below:

• What wiki software? I am liking Gitit, it is nice and easy to set up, and comes with its own server which I run with a systemctl user unit in the background. I tried Oddmuse but couldn't get it to work with a simple server; Ikiwiki setup is too clumsy for my liking (it friggin put stuff on my \$HOME by default!); I want to avoid PHP stuff in general; I want a simple wiki that serves simple HTML pages.

• How to defend against spam? My plan is to keep it invite-only for as long as I can. IDK how to do that with Gitit yet.

• How to serve it securely and for cheap, once I decide to publish? It probably won't ever grow beyond a few dozens of megabytes in file size.

• How do you go about promoting a wiki?

• What peripheral services (issue tracker, mailing list, IRC/Discord/etc channels) go well with a wiki?

• What tools are available to ensure content quality (no plagiarism, enforce conventions, monitor changes, ...)?

unknown user
48. # My social anxiety

So recently I have been wondering if there's actually a way to lessen my social anxiety, because I am starting to feel really stupid quite often because of it. This is gonna be a rant, hopefully a...

So recently I have been wondering if there's actually a way to lessen my social anxiety, because I am starting to feel really stupid quite often because of it. This is gonna be a rant, hopefully a bit coherent, probably not the most high quality content, because I am terrible at writing. Premature thank you to anyone who reads this mess I am about to produce.

To start of, I will try to describe how I feel, because I am not sure if I really have social anxiety. I am like extremely anxious to do anything where you have to talk to people you don't know. An easy example which I deal with most work days is going out to lunch. I am way too anxious to go to lunch somewhere so instead I just skip lunch quite often to not have to deal with it. When I am at school most of the times I go to a menza (is that a thing in english? it's like just a school lunch cafeteria), which isn't a problem at all when I go with my friends and isn't too much of a problem when I go alone, because I got used to it pretty good. Still even here I sometimes skip lunch, particularly after a stressful day. When I am just at work I quite often just go the whole day without lunch and wait until I get home to eat something. Sometimes I go to some fast food, that I know pretty well, but I don't want to go there too often, because I don't want to be that weirdo who eats every day in the same fast food. I don't want to go to a restaurant because who eats at a restaurant alone. I know that people do and it's normal, but I really don't want to.

There are other things where I have similar problems, giving presentations (probably everyone hates that), having to ask someone where something is when I am lost in a new place and so on. One of the things I really hate is when I have to go to deal with some bureocracy - renewing any of my documents, talking to HR at work and things like that. Most of the time when I know I will have to do something like this, I spend the whole day before that stressing about it. I love to live my day to day life in as much monotony as I can, so I can be ready for everything.

Or today, I am going to have some team building with my colleagues, we are gonna go play laser game (apparently called laser tag in english - according to Wikipedia) and to say the least I really don't want to. This should be a fun thing everyone enjoys and instead I am here, thinking about how could I make a excuse to not have to do it. Why am I so stupid and don't just let myself enjoy it like a normal person?

Also every time when I think about doing something about this, I just tell myself that I don't have it that bad and that other people have it way worse than me. That I don't really have that many problems and I shouldn't be whining about something as minor as this. That I should just bottle it up and leave it as it is, because it could be worse, right?

This has been going on basically my whole life, most of the time when I talk about it with friends I make fun of it, making my friends think it's probably not as bad as it is. I just say stuff like "oh no, I have to talk to people tommorow, please help" or "can you guys go to lunch with me even though you guys are at the opposite end of the city, because I am scared?" obviously as a joke, but I really kind of feel like this (and wish my friends go have lunch with me). I really feel I should start doing something about it, but I am not really sure what. The answer is probably to just do stuff like this more, get out of my comfort zone and just do the stuff. How can I make myself though, if I really don't want to?

There should be some conclusion or question here, I guess... does anyone have any recommandations for me?

Edit: also couldn't decide on the title, maybe "dealing with social anxiety" or something like that is better?

49. # Hey anybody here want to be on a panel about labor rights and tech contracting?

I'm putting together a panel for Tech Worker's Coalition for SXSW 2020 and the focus of my panel is on tech contracting. Specifically we're looking to speak on the issues of labor rights and how...

I'm putting together a panel for Tech Worker's Coalition for SXSW 2020 and the focus of my panel is on tech contracting.

Specifically we're looking to speak on the issues of labor rights and how they are effected by contracting.

Anybody interested or have experience with the subject?

In case I forget to check Tildes (I joined and then I always forget to check it) my email is aslan@jackalope.tech

We've also got a couple of other panels brewing on the subject of unionization in tech and another on the recent controversies between tech workers and their companies over social issues (such as google walkout over sexual harassment, wayfair's walkout over selling beds to ICE etc)